Specialized terms used in this course and their meanings:Absorption: The way alcohol enters the bloodstream. Alcohol is absorbed into the blood through the stomach and small intestine.
Addiction: Physical dependence upon a drug, characterized by withdrawal symptoms in the absence of the drug.
Alcohol: 1. A liquid or solid containing more than one-half of one percent alcohol by volume capable of being consumed by a human being. [See ORS 471.001(1)]. 2. A toxic drug; a depressant that slows activity in the central nervous system, resulting in impaired mental and physical performance.
Alcoholism: An addiction to alcohol. A chronic, progressive, treatable disease characterized by a person’s inability to control or stop drinking alcohol. “Denial” that alcohol interferes with a person’s physical, psychological or social problems is common.
Alternative ID: Identification that does not stand alone; is always 1) a descriptive piece, which must include the person’s name, address, date of birth, physical description or photo, and signature; 2) a supportive piece which further proves the person’s identity; and 3) an appropriately completed OLCC statement of age card.
ASE: Alcohol Server Education.
BAC: Blood Alcohol Content. The amount of alcohol in the blood, determined by the percentage of alcohol in relation to other blood components. For example, .08% BAC means there are eight parts of alcohol per 10,000 parts of blood. (Also Breath Alcohol Content. Many law enforcement agencies use breath tests to determine a person’s alcohol content.)
Binge: Having 5 or more drinks at one sitting.
Blackout: A period of amnesia or loss of memory while intoxicated.
Central nervous system (CNS): The brain and spinal cord, which collect, process, and transmit information.
Cider: An alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of juice of apples or pears that contains not more than 10 percent of alcohol by volume. [See ORS 471.001(10).]
Delirium Tremens (DTs): A violent mental disturbance, characterized by confusion, disordered speech, and hallucinations, with tremors that is induced by withdrawal from excessive and prolonged use of alcohol.
Dependence: The physical or psychological need for a drug, resulting from continuous use characterized by physical or mental withdrawal in the absence of the drug.
Depressant: A chemical that slows down the processes of the central nervous system.
Designated driver: A person chosen to be the driver for others who are consuming alcohol. A designated driver does not drink alcohol to ensure that everyone in the group gets home safely.
Detoxification: The act of removing a poison or toxin, such as alcohol, and its effect from the body. The liver is the human body’s detoxification organ.
Diagnose: Determine an illness from the signs and symptoms a patient exhibits.
Distilled spirits: Alcoholic beverages made by distilling the product of fermented grains, fruits, and vegetables. Alcohol content is 40 to 50% or 80 to 100 proof equivalent.
Drink equivalency: There is the same amount of ethyl alcohol in a 12 ounce bottle of beer, a 5 ounce glass of wine, and 1-1/2 ounces of 80 proof equivalent.
Drug: A chemical substance that produces a physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral change in the user.
DUII: Driving Under the Influence of Intoxicants. In Oregon, the legal standard for DUII is a BAC of .08%. In other words, a person is presumed guilty of DUII if their BAC is .08% or greater. DUII includes being under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs.
Ethyl alcohol: The alcohol in beverages. The only alcohol that can be consumed without causing severe immediate physical damage.
Good faith effort: Placing your hand on the drink and trying to remove it. If touching the drink may cause a disturbance, then good faith effort means making a verbal request for the drink.
Growler: A growler is a refillable, securely-covered container, two gallons or less, used to transport beer, wine or cider that has been sold to a consumer at retail for consumption off the premises.
Hospitality industry: Restaurants, hotels, and other businesses that provide food, lodging, and other services.
House duty or house policy: Rules that the owners or managers of a business set for their employees that are equal to or stricter than legal duties.
Impairment: A decrease in physical and mental abilities.
Implied consent law: says that anyone who drives on Oregon’s roads has given their consent to submit to a BAC test upon request of the police. If the person refuses the test, they automatically lose driving privileges for a minimum period of one year. In some instances, a blood or urine test may be requested: (1) if a person is involved in a vehicle or property accident, the hospital may draw blood, or (2) if the BAC is low and the person is showing impaired signs, urine may be requested.
Incident log: A daily record of any events occurring in an establishment kept by the licensed premises.
Intervention: The alcohol server’s legal and professional responsibility to control and limit the customer’s consumption of alcohol to prevent: drinking to intoxication, or visibly intoxicated persons from continuing to consume alcohol, or minors from drinking alcohol, or intoxicated persons from driving.
Intoxication: The condition of physical and mental impairment resulting from consumption of alcohol or other drugs, legal or illegal.
Intoxicant: Anything that produces intoxication, including but not limited to alcohol and other legal drugs, illegal drugs, and household chemicals.
Legal duty: A duty the law requires a person to perform.
Licensee: A person or entity granted the privilege of selling alcoholic beverages.
Liquor license: The official approval of the OLCC for a person or entity to manufacture, distribute, take orders for, and sell spirits, wines, beer, and other alcoholic liquors.
Liver: The organ in the human body that detoxifies alcohol.
Malt beverage: An alcoholic beverage made by the fermentation of grain with an alcohol content up to 14%. Includes beer, ale, porter, stout, etc. [See ORS 471.001(6)].
Metabolization: The chemical process of breaking down a substance, such as alcohol, in the body.
Minimum food service: A requirement that Full On-Premises Sales licenses have food available at all times when alcohol is served. The specific requirements depend on the type of operation. For commercial establishments open to the general public, the requirement is 5 different substantial items (such as sandwiches, pizza, soup, or sausages) available any time regular meals are not served. See page 97.
Minor: In Oregon, any person younger than 21 years of age.
OLCC: Oregon Liquor Control Commission.
Oxidation: The process by which the body burns alcohol for elimination. The liver oxidizes 90% of alcohol, at a rate equal to about one average drink per hour.
Permittee: An alcohol server approved by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission. Any person employed by a licensee who participates in the mixing, selling, or service of alcoholic liquor for consumption on the premises. (A permittee applicant is a person who has completed a service permit application and immediately transmits the application and fee to the Oregon Liquor Control Commission at the end of the first day worked).
Premises: An establishment’s building and grounds, including parking lots.
Problem drinker: A person who uses alcohol to the extent that it causes problems such as a DUII, marital/relationship problems, difficulty on the job, or other negative consequences. A person may or may not be physically dependent/addicted to alcohol.
Professional duty: Duties a server chooses to perform because he or she wants to do more than legal duties to protect customers, himself or herself, and the society in general.
Proof: The alcohol content of distilled liquor. Equal to 2 times the percentage of alcohol. For example, 100 proof equal 50% alcohol content.
Provider: A business certified by the OLCC to offer, or provide, alcohol server education classes.
Responsible alcohol service: The legal and professional responsibility of alcohol servers to consistently take care that customers do not drink to intoxication, allow minors in possession of alcohol, and that intoxicated customers are not served and do not drive.
Statement of age card: Also known as the S-146 form. The form must be completed each time a patron is served who looks 26 years old or younger and does not have stand-alone ID. The customer must present one piece of descriptive ID and one piece of supportive ID in order to be served alcohol. See pages 37-38.
Stimulants: Chemicals that speed up the processes of the central nervous system. Sometimes called “uppers.”
Third party liability: A law that allows a victim to sue a server or licensee or a social host for damages and injuries resulting from the action of a customer. In Oregon, third party liability applies when the server or licensee violates the law by serving a minor or a visibly intoxicated person. The first party is the licensee/server, the second party is the customer, and third party is the victim.
Tolerance: The condition when a drug user requires increasingly larger amounts of the drug to produce the same effect. A change in the system of the user, developing with prolonged or increased use of a drug. (Remember, alcohol is a drug.)
Toxic: Poisonous; causing death, harm, or impairment.
Tranquilizers: Depressant drugs that slow down the central nervous system. Also known as “downers.” Used in combination with alcohol, the depressant effects of both drugs are intensified, sometimes resulting in coma or death.
Visible intoxication: Intoxication others can observe. The standard used by alcohol servers to determine if a customer is intoxicated.
Wine: An alcoholic beverage made from grape or fruit juices. The alcohol content is more than one half of one percent by volume and not more than 21% of alcohol by volume. [See ORS 471.001(10).]
Withdrawal: The physical effects of the absence of a drug, such as alcohol, to which an individual is addicted. Symptoms include vomiting, tremors, sweating, insomnia, and convulsions.